According to recent diabetes news from the American Diabetes Association 2005 survey, about 15 million people in the United States have been diagnosed with diabetes. Out of this number, about 1.5 million new cases of diabetes have been reported.
In other diabetes news, it is estimated that 54 million American have a pre-diabetes condition. When left unchecked, this condition can lead to Type 2 Diabetes. Furthermore, it is estimated that 6.2 million people are not aware that they have Diabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes is hereditary but Type 2 is often acquired or developed. Health studies reveal that people prone to developing Type 2 diabetes are those who are overweight or obese, inactive, and those with poor eating habits.
How Type 2 Diabetes is Acquired
Diabetes affects the body’s ability to control blood sugar level. Our pancreas releases an enzyme called “insulin” which controls the glucose in our blood. People with Type 1 Diabetes do not produce insulin at all. Hence, they need to take insulin shots to keep blood sugar level in control.
What about people with type 2 Diabetes? Some people developed a resistance to insulin or their pancreas has stopped functioning properly. How so? When there is an excess of glucose in our blood, our pancreas acts quickly by producing more insulin to get rid of unnecessary glucose. However, when we eat foods with too much calories, our pancreas also work doubly hard to release more insulin. This is the reason why overweight or obese people are greatly at risk of developing Diabetes. Nowadays, teen-agers and even children have been found to develop Type 2 Diabetes at an earlier age.
Two Types Diabetes Tests
How would you know if you are a diabetic? There are two ways to acquire diabetes diagnosis – the fasting plasma glucose test (FPG) and the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Both tests are done to calculate the glucose level in the person’s blood.
The FPG test requires a patient is required to go through an overnight fasting before the test is conducted. On the other hand, OGTT is done by taking a first test after fasting and a second test 2 hours after drinking a drink with high-glucose content.
Upon having a proper diabetes diagnosis, positive steps can be done to keep Diabetes under control. According to the Diabetes Prevention Program Study, moderate exercise of at least 30 minutes daily combined and a healthy-weight loss program improves the body’s response to insulin and keeps the glucose at a safe level.
Whether you have been diagnosed to have diabetes or a pre-diabetes condition, it is important to work closely with your physician to prevent your condition from worsening. Early diabetes diagnosis is a crucial step as it greatly increases a patient’s chance of managing diabetes more effectively.